After treatment for early or locally-advanced breast cancer ends, many people are afraid they still have cancer or that it will come back (breast cancer recurrence).
These fears are normal.
There are healthy ways to cope with the stress caused by these fears. For example, mindfulness meditation may help ease fears of recurrence .
For some people, talking to a counselor or joining a support group can be helpful. Your health care provider may be able to help you find a counselor or support group.
Learn more about coping with stress.
Learn more about support groups and other types of social support.
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Breast cancer can recur at or near the original site (called local recurrence). It can also recur in other parts of the body (called metastasis or distant recurrence).
For people with no symptoms of metastases, blood and imaging tests (other than mammography) are not a standard part of follow-up care.
Using blood or imaging tests to check for early metastases in people with no symptoms of metastases does not increase survival or improve quality of life .
Learn about follow-up care after breast cancer treatment.
Learn more about breast cancer recurrence.
Most local recurrences occur within the first 5 years after diagnosis .
The risk of local recurrence varies from person to person and depends on the original breast cancer diagnosis and treatment.
Getting regular medical care after treatment is the best thing you can to do ensure a local recurrence is found early, when the chances of survival are highest.
If you have a local recurrence, you will need more treatment.
Learn more about the risk of local recurrence.
Learn more about treatment for local recurrence.
When breast cancer metastasizes, it most often spreads to the bones, lungs, liver or brain.
The risk of metastasis varies from person to person and depends on the original breast cancer diagnosis and treatment.
Learn more about the risk of metastasis.
Learn about treatment for metastatic breast cancer.
Breast cancer survivors have an increased risk of getting a new breast cancer compared to people who have never had breast cancer [85-87].
A new breast cancer is called a second primary breast cancer. Unlike a recurrence, which is a return of the first breast cancer, a second primary tumor is a new cancer unrelated to the first.
Breast cancer survivors have an increased risk of getting a new breast cancer compared to women who have never had breast cancer [108-110].
Learn more about risk of a second primary breast cancer.
Although breast cancer survivors are at risk of a new breast cancer, preventive mastectomy of the healthy breast (contralateral prophylactic mastectomy) is not recommended for most survivors . For most survivors, this surgery does not improve survival [3,111].
Only some breast cancer survivors with a very high risk of a new breast cancer should consider prophylactic mastectomy. This includes women who :
These women should talk with their health care providers about whether contralateral prophylactic mastectomy is right for them.
Compared to other survivors, the risk of a second primary breast cancer is higher for those with a strong family history and those who carry a BRCA1 or BRCA2 gene mutation [112-117].
The lifetime risk of a second primary contralateral breast cancer is about 40-65 percent for women with a BRCA1/2 mutation .
Women who have a BRCA1/2 mutation also have an increased risk of ovarian cancer .
Breast cancer survivors with a BRCA1/2 mutation should talk with their health care providers about whether contralateral prophylactic mastectomy and/or prophylactic oophorectomy (removal of the ovaries) is right for them .
Learn more about risk-lowering options for women with BRCA1/2 mutations.
Learn more about BRCA1/2 gene mutations and risk of breast and other cancers.
Learn more about family history and risk of breast cancer.
For a summary of research studies on BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations and breast cancer, visit the Breast Cancer Research Studies section.
Some healthy behaviors may lower the risk of breast cancer recurrence and improve survival.
Other healthy behaviors have not yet been shown to impact breast cancer survival, but are part of a lifestyle that may help protect against other cancers and diseases.
A healthy lifestyle includes:
Learn more about a healthy lifestyle for breast cancer survivors.
If you are being treated with hormone therapy (tamoxifen or aromatase inhibitors), taking the drugs as prescribed [119-120]:
Learn more about hormone therapy.
Learn more about the importance of following your treatment plan.
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