Tumor grade is a way of classifying tumors based on certain features of their cells. It's highly related to prognosis and is part of breast cancer staging.
Using a microscope, a pathologist studies the tumor tissue removed during a biopsy and checks:
Together, these factors determine the tumor grade.
Tumor grades are usually classified as:
Grade 1. The tumor cells look the most like normal tissue and are slow-growing (well-differentiated).
Grade 2. The tumor cells fall somewhere in between grade 1 and grade 3 (moderately-differentiated).
Grade 3. The tumor cells look very abnormal and are fast-growing (poorly-differentiated).
For any given tumor size and breast cancer stage, prognosis is poorer with a higher tumor grade.
Many other factors impact survival. For any given tumor grade, survival varies greatly depending on these factors.
Learn about tumor grade and breast cancer staging.
Learn more about other factors that affect prognosis.
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