Breast cancer in men is rare, but it does happen (less than one percent of all breast cancer cases in the U.S.) .
Breast cancer screening is not recommended for most men. It's only recommended for some men at increased risk of breast cancer due to a BRCA2 or BRCA1 inherited gene mutation .
Learn more about BRCA1/2 gene mutations in men.
Men who have a BRCA2 inherited gene mutation, and to a lesser degree men who have a BRCA1 mutation, have an increased risk of breast cancer [3,59,66-67]. For these men, screening may help find breast cancer early, when the chances of survival are highest.
The National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) recommends men who have a BRCA2 or BRCA1 inherited gene mutation get breast cancer screening.
Starting at 35, these men should :
Men who have a BRCA1/2 gene mutation should also be aware of the warning signs of breast cancer.
Learn about genetic testing for BRCA1/2 gene mutations.
Learn about treatment for breast cancer in men.
A man can inherit a BRCA2 or BRCA1 gene mutation from his mother or father. And, a man who has a BRCA1/2 mutation can pass the mutation on to his daughters and sons.
The NCCN encourages people who have a first-degree relative with a BRCA1/2 gene mutation, but have not been tested themselves, to consider genetic testing and talk with their health care providers about breast cancer screening [3,59]. First degree relatives include your mother, father, sisters, brothers and children.
Men found to have a BRCA1/2 mutation should get screening for breast cancer and screening for other cancers.
Men with BRCA1/2 inherited gene mutations also have an increased risk of prostate cancer, pancreatic cancer and melanoma (BRCA2 mutations only) [59,67].
The NCCN recommends men with a BRCA1/2 gene mutation get prostate cancer screening.
Learn about screening for prostate cancer for men with BRCA1/2 gene mutations.
Men who have a strong family history of breast cancer, such as mother and/or sister diagnosed at age 40 or younger, have a higher than average risk of breast cancer .
If you have a family history of breast cancer, talk with your provider about whether genetic counseling and genetic testing may be right for you.
Learn more about family history of breast cancer and breast cancer risk.
Learn more about genetic counseling and genetic testing.
The most common sign of breast cancer in men is a painless lump .
However, any change in the breast, chest area or nipple can be a warning sign of breast cancer in men, including [68-69]:
These symptoms may also be signs of a benign breast condition.
Men tend to have much less breast tissue compared to women. So, some of these signs can be easier to notice in men than in women.
If you notice any of these signs or other changes in your breast or nipple, see a health care provider right away.
Learn about benign breast conditions in men.
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