Hypnotherapy is the use of hypnosis for therapeutic purposes. Hypnosis means producing a state of mind in which a person cannot perform voluntary actions and is very responsive to suggestions or instructions.
Some people are more able to be hypnotized than others. Self-hypnosis might also be used along with sessions with a hypnotherapist.
There is a wide variation in the training and credentials of hypnotherapies. Certification is given by many organizations, with different requirements. In the United States, there is no universally accepted standard or licensing for hypnotherapies. Although many therapists are not licensed medical professionals, some doctors, dentists, and psychologists are trained in hypnotherapy and might use hypnosis in their practices.
People use hypnotherapy for many conditions, including acne, aging, fear of places that might cause panic (agoraphobia), alertness, Alzheimer's disease, missing menstrual periods (amenorrhea), amnesia, irregular heartbeat, attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), blindness, cancer, cerebral palsy, diarrhea, shortness of breath, chronic fatigue syndrome, confidence boosting, a skin condition called congenital ichthyosiform erythroderma, constipation, cystic fibrosis, diabetes, multiple personality disorder, painful periods, painful intercourse, endurance, vision improvements, fear of flying, inflamed stomach lining, acid reflux, gout, an immune disorder called Graves' disease, mental well-being, heart disease, anemia, HIV/AIDS, an inherited brain disease called Huntington's disease, overactive bladder, increased muscle strength, breast milk stimulation, increasing memory, vertigo disorder called Ménière's disease, menstrual cramps, migraine, mood, multiple sclerosis, muscle weakness caused by a disorder called myasthenia gravis, nail biting, uncontrolled daytime sleepiness, itchy skin condition called neurodermatitis, panic disorder, paralysis, Parkinson's disease, inability to urinate in the presence of others, fears of objects or situations (phobias), nerve damage caused by shingles, depression after giving birth, premenstrual syndrome, itching, quality of life, a blood flow condition called Raynaud's disease, restless leg syndrome, restlessness, scoliosis, sleep terror disorder, speech disorders, stuttering, thumb sucking, tics, tongue biting, twisted neck, trauma, irresistible urge to pull out hair, and tightness in the vagina.
People also use hypnotherapy for anxiety, irritable bowel syndrome(IBS), pain, mental disorders that cause physical symptoms, tension headache, mental performance, alcoholism, hay fever, hair loss, asthma, bed-wetting, fractures, chemotherapy-related side effects, showing psychological stress in physical symptoms (conversion disorder), depression, drug addiction, stomach ulcers, anorexia, bulimia, erectile dysfunction (ED), infertility, fibromyalgia, heartburn, blood clotting disorder (hemophilia), oral herpes, high blood pressure, insomnia, jaw clenching, menopausal symptoms, nausea, vomiting, recovery after surgery, rheumatoid arthritis, schizophrenia, skin swelling (eczema), itchy skin that builds up (psoriasis), smoking cessation, ringing in the ears, inflammatory bowel disease, warts, weight loss, and skin problems caused by radiation.
Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database rates effectiveness based on scientific evidence according to the following scale: Effective, Likely Effective, Possibly Effective, Possibly Ineffective, Likely Ineffective, Ineffective, and Insufficient Evidence to Rate.
The effectiveness ratings for HYPNOTHERAPY are as follows:
More evidence is needed to rate the effectiveness of hypnotherapy for these uses.
The way hypnosis works is not well understood. Hypnosis has been linked to changes in the body, including changes in skin temperature, heart rate, secretions from the intestines, and immune function. During hypnosis, there have also been recorded decreases in heart rate, blood pressure, body temperature, and brain wave patterns. Similar changes have been reported with other forms of relaxation.
Some scientists suggest that pathways in the brain are important to connecting body functions with the mind, memory, and emotions. Hypnosis is thought to activate these pathways. Different parts of the brain and spinal cord might be related to the pain-relieving effects of hypnotherapy. It has also been suggested that the release of certain pain-relieving peptides might play in role, but early evidence suggests otherwise.
Hypnosis can cause a deep state of relaxation. In theory, the conscious mind should become relaxed to allow the unconscious mind to become more accessible. However, it is not clear if this represents a specific altered state of consciousness. There are also reports that just suggesting something without hypnosis might have many of the same results. It is not known why some people are more able to be hypnotized than others.
It isn’t known if hypnotherapy is safe. However, there’s no reason to suspect safety issues when used correctly. But hypnotherapy shouldn’t be used instead of more proven techniques or therapies. Also, it shouldn’t be used as the only treatment.
Pregnancy and breast-feeding: Not enough is known about the use of hypnotherapy during pregnancy and breast-feeding. However, there’s no reason to suspect safety concerns when used correctly.
It is not known if this treatment interacts with any medicines.
Before using this treatment, talk with your health professional if you take any medications.
There are no known interactions with herbs and supplements.
There are no known interactions with foods.
The appropriate or safe use of hypnotherapy depends on several factors such as the condition being treated or the person administering the treatment. Be sure to seek and follow relevant directions from your physician or other healthcare professional before using this treatment.
Altered States Of Consciousness, Antenatal Self-Hypnosis, Autogenic Training, Auto-Hypnosis, Cognitive Hypnotherapy, Hypnoanalgesia, Hypnobirthing, Hypnosis, Mesmerism, Post-Hypnotic Suggestion, Self-Hypnosis.
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