• Above all, we make a difference.
  • Treatment References


    1. American Cancer Society. Breast Cancer Facts and Figures 2013-2014. Atlanta, GA: American Cancer Society, 2013.
    2. DeSantis CE, Lin CC, Mariotto AB, et al. Cancer treatment and survivorship statistics, 2014. CA Cancer J Clin. 2014 Jun 1 [Epub ahead of print]. 
    3. Ruddy K, Mayer E, Partridge A. Patient adherence and persistence with oral anticancer treatment. CA Cancer J Clin. 59(1):56-66, 2009.
    4. Darby S, McGale P, Correa C, et al. for the Early Breast Cancer Trialists' Collaborative Group (EBCTCG). Effect of radiotherapy after breast-conserving surgery on 10-year recurrence and 15-year breast cancer death: meta-analysis of individual patient data for 10,801 women in 17 randomised trials. Lancet. 378(9804):1707-16, 2011.
    5. Fisher B, Anderson S, Bryant J, Margolese RG, Deutsch M, Fisher ER, Jeong JH, Wolmark N. Twenty-year follow-up of a randomized trial comparing total mastectomy, lumpectomy, and lumpectomy plus irradiation for the treatment of invasive breast cancer. N Engl J Med. 347(16):1233-41, 2002.
    6. Giuliano AE, Hunt KK, Ballman KV, et al. Axillary dissection vs no axillary dissection in women with invasive breast cancer and sentinel node metastasis: a randomized clinical trial. JAMA. 305(6):569-75, 2011.
    7. Galimberti V, Cole BF, Zurrida S, et al. for the International Breast Cancer Study Group Trial 23-01 investigators. Axillary dissection versus no axillary dissection in patients with sentinel-node micrometastases (IBCSG 23-01): a phase 3 randomised controlled trial. Lancet Oncol. 14(4):297-305, 2013.
    8. Agresti R, Martelli G, Sandri M, et al. Axillary lymph node dissection versus no dissection in patients with T1N0 breast cancer: A randomized clinical trial (INT09/98). Cancer. 120(6):885-93, 2014.
    9. Smith GL, Xu Y, Shih YC, et al. Breast-conserving surgery in older patients with invasive breast cancer: current patterns of treatment across the United States. J Am Coll Surg. 209(4):425-433.e2, 2009.
    10. The Dartmouth Atlas of Health Care. Inpatient mastectomy for cancer. http://www.dartmouthatlas.org/data/table.aspx?ind=95, 2012.
    11. Habermann EB, Abbott A, Parsons HM, Virnig BA, Al-Refaie WB, Tuttle TM. Are mastectomy rates really increasing in the United States? J Clin Oncol. 28(21):3437-41, 2010.
    12. Enewold L, Zhou J, McGlynn KA, et al. Racial variation in tumor stage at diagnosis among Department of Defense beneficiaries. Cancer. 118(3):812-20, 2012.
    13. Buchholz TA and Hunk KK. Chapter 37: Breast-conserving therapy: conventional whole breast irradiation, in Harris JR, Lippman ME, Morrow M, Osborne CK. Diseases of the Breast, 4th edition. Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, 2010.
    14. National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN). NCCN Clinical practice guidelines in oncology: Breast cancer V.1.2014. http://www.nccn.org/, 2014.
    15. National Cancer Institute. Radiation therapy and you: support for people with cancer. http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/radiation-therapy-and-you, 2007.
    16. National Cancer Institute. General information about lymphedema. http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/pdq/supportivecare/lymphedema/Patient, 2013.
    17. Kirova YM, De Rycke Y, Gambotti L, Pierga J-Y, Asselain B, Fourquet A for the Institut Curie Breast Cancer Study Group. Second malignancies after breast cancer: the impact of different treatment modalities. Br J Cancer. 98(5):870-4, 2008.
    18. Mery CM, George S, Bertagnolli MM, Raut CP. Secondary sarcomas after radiotherapy for breast cancer: sustained risk and poor survival. Cancer. 115(18):4055-63, 2009.
    19. Strnad V, Hildebrandt G, Pötter R, et al. Accelerated partial breast irradiation: 5-year results of the German-Austrian multicenter phase II trial using interstitial multicatheter brachytherapy alone after breast-conserving surgery. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 80(1):17-24, 2011.
    20. Shah C, Antonucci JV, Wilkinson JB, et al. Twelve-year clinical outcomes and patterns of failure with accelerated partial breast irradiation versus whole-breast irradiation: results of a matched-pair analysis. Radiother Oncol. 100(2):210-4, 2011.
    21. Hattangadi JA, Powell SN, MacDonald SM, et al. Accelerated partial breast irradiation with low-dose-rate interstitial implant brachytherapy after wide local excision: 12-year outcomes from a prospective trial. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 83(3):791-800, 2012.
    22. Shah C, Badiyan S, Ben Wilkinson J, et al. Treatment efficacy with accelerated partial breast irradiation (APBI): final analysis of the American Society of Breast Surgeons MammoSite(®) breast brachytherapy registry trial. Ann Surg Oncol. 20(10):3279-85, 2013.
    23. Olivotto IA, Whelan TJ, Parpia S, et al. Interim cosmetic and toxicity results from RAPID: a randomized trial of accelerated partial breast irradiation using three-dimensional conformal external beam radiation therapy. J Clin Oncol. 31(32):4038-45, 2013
    24. Vaidya JS, Wenz F, Bulsara M, et al. on behalf of the TARGIT trialists' group. Risk-adapted targeted intraoperative radiotherapy versus whole-breast radiotherapy for breast cancer: 5-year results for local control and overall survival from the TARGIT-A randomised trial. Lancet. 383(9917):603-13, 2014.
    25. Richardson LC, Wang W, Hartzema AG, Wagner S. The role of health-related quality of life in early discontinuation of chemotherapy for breast cancer. Breast J. 13(6):581-7, 2007.
    26. Komen MM, Smorenburg CH, van den Hurk CJ, Nortier JW. Factors influencing the effectiveness of scalp cooling in the prevention of chemotherapy-induced alopecia. Oncologist. 18(7):885-91, 2013.
    27. National Cancer Institute. Chemotherapy and you: support for people with cancer. http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/coping/chemotherapy-and-you/page7#SE7, 2007.
    28. Cramp F, Byron-Daniel J. Exercise for the management of cancer-related fatigue in adults. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 11:CD006145, 2012.
    29. Fong DY, Ho JW, Hui BP, et al. Physical activity for cancer survivors: meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials. BMJ. 344:e70, 2012.
    30. Hurria A, Come SE, Pierce LJ. Patterns of relapse and long-term complications of therapy in breast cancer survivors, in Up-to-Date (Ganz PA, Nekhlyudov L, Dizon DS, eds.). Up-to-Date, 2013.
    31. Partridge AH and Ginsburg ES. Chapter 96: Reproductive issues in breast cancer survivors, in Harris JR, Lippman ME, Morrow M, Osborne CK. Diseases of the Breast, 4th edition. Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, 2010.
    32. Saquib N, Flatt SW, Natarajan L, et al. Weight gain and recovery of pre-cancer weight after breast cancer treatments: evidence from the women's healthy eating and living (WHEL) study. Breast Cancer Res Treat. 105(2):177-86, 2007.
    33. Majed B, Moreau T, Senouci K, Salmon RJ, Fourquet A, Asselain B. Is obesity an independent prognosis factor in woman breast cancer? Breast Cancer Res Treat. 111(2):329-42, 2008.
    34. Protani M, Coory M, Martin JH. Effect of obesity on survival of women with breast cancer: systematic review and meta-analysis. Breast Cancer Res Treat. 123(3):627-35, 2010.
    35. Ewertz M, Jensen MB, Gunnarsdóttir KA, et al. Effect of obesity on prognosis after early-stage breast cancer. J Clin Oncol. 29(1):25-31, 2011.
    36. Goedendorp MM, Andrykowski MA, Donovan KA, et al. Prolonged impact of chemotherapy on fatigue in breast cancer survivors: A longitudinal comparison with radiotherapy-treated breast cancer survivors and noncancer controls. Cancer.
      118(15):3833-41, 2012.
    37. Jim HS, Phillips KM, Chait S, et al. Meta-analysis of cognitive functioning in breast cancer survivors previously treated with standard-dose chemotherapy. J Clin Oncol. 30(29):3578-87, 2012.
    38. Ahles TA, Root JC, Ryan EL. Cancer- and cancer treatment-associated cognitive change: an update on the state of the science. J Clin Oncol. 30(30):3675-86, 2012.
    39. National Cancer Institute. Managing chemotherapy side effects: Memory changes. http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/coping/chemo-side-effects/memory.pdf, 2009.
    40. Du XL, Xia R, Liu CC, et al. Cardiac toxicity associated with anthracycline-containing chemotherapy in older women with breast cancer. Cancer. 115(22):5296-308, 2009.
    41. Azim HA Jr, de Azambuja E, Colozza M, Bines J, Piccart MJ. Long-term toxic effects of adjuvant chemotherapy in breast cancer. Ann Oncol. 22(9):1939-47, 2011.
    42. Reis-Filho JS, Pusztai L. Gene expression profiling in breast cancer: classification, prognostication, and prediction. Lancet. 378(9805):1812-23, 2011.
    43. Paik S, Shak S, Tang G, et al. A multigene assay to predict recurrence of tamoxifen-treated, node-negative breast cancer. N Engl J Med, 2004.
    44. Dowsett M, Sestak I, Lopez-Knowles E, et al. Comparison of PAM50 risk of recurrence score with Oncotype DX and IHC4 for predicting risk of distant recurrence after endocrine therapy. J Clin Oncol. 31(22):2783-90, 2013.
    45. Paterson AH1, Anderson SJ, Lembersky BC, et al. Oral clodronate for adjuvant treatment of operable breast cancer (National Surgical Adjuvant Breast and Bowel Project protocol B-34): a multicentre, placebo-controlled, randomised trial. Lancet Oncol. 13(7):734-42, 2012.
    46. Aapro M, Abrahamsson PA, Body JJ, et al. Guidance on the use of bisphosphonates in solid tumours: recommendations of an international expert panel. Ann Oncol. 19(3):420-32, 2008.
    47. Rathbone EJ, Brown JE, Marshall HC, et al. Osteonecrosis of the jaw and oral health-related quality of life after adjuvant zoledronic acid: an adjuvant zoledronic acid to reduce recurrence trial subprotocol (BIG01/04). J Clin Oncol. 31(21):2685-91, 2013.
    48. Fong PC, Boss DS, Yap TA, et al. Inhibition of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase in tumors from BRCA mutation carriers. N Engl J Med. 361(2):123-34, 2009.
    49. Regan MM, Leyland-Jones B, Bouzyk M, et al. on behalf of the Breast International Group (BIG) 1-98 Collaborative Group. CYP2D6 genotype and tamoxifen response in postmenopausal women with endocrine-responsive breast cancer: The Breast International Group 1-98 Trial. J Natl Cancer Inst. 104(6):441-451, 2012.
    50. Rae JM, Drury S, Hayes DF, et al. on behalf of the ATAC trialists. CYP2D6 and UGT2B7 genotype and risk of recurrence in tamoxifen-treated breast cancer patients. J Natl Cancer Inst. 104(6):452-460, 2012.
    51. Kelly CM, Juurlink DN, Gomes T, et al. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors and breast cancer mortality in women receiving tamoxifen: a population based cohort study. BMJ. 340:c693, 2010.
    52. Soliman H. Developing an effective breast cancer vaccine. Cancer Control. 17(3):183-90, 2010.
    53. Stadtmauer EA, O'Neill A, Goldstein LJ, et al. Conventional-dose chemotherapy compared with high-dose chemotherapy plus autologous hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation for metastatic breast cancer. Philadelphia Bone Marrow Transplant Group. N Engl J Med. 342: 1069-76, 2000.
    54. Farquhar C, Marjoribanks J, Basser R et al. High dose chemotherapy and autologous bone marrow or stem cell transplantation versus conventional chemotherapy for women with metastatic breast cancer (Review). The Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 3:CD003142.pub2, 2005.
    55. Crump M, Gluck S, Tu D, et al. Randomized trial of high-dose chemotherapy with autologous peripheral-blood stem-cell support compared with standard-dose chemotherapy in women with metastatic breast cancer: NCIC MA.16. J Clin Oncol. 26(1):37-43, 2008.
    56. Davies C, Godwin J, Gray R, et al. for the Early Breast Cancer Trialists' Collaborative Group (EBCTCG). Relevance of breast cancer hormone receptors and other factors to the efficacy of adjuvant tamoxifen: patient-level meta-analysis of randomised trials. Lancet. 378(9793):771-84, 2011.
    57. Dowsett M, Cuzick J, Ingle J, et al. Meta-analysis of breast cancer outcomes in adjuvant trials of aromatase inhibitors versus tamoxifen. J Clin Oncol. 28(3):509-18, 2010.
    58. Murphy B and Muss HB. Hormonal therapy of breast cancer: state of the art. Oncology (Huntingt). 11: 7-13, 1997.
    59. Makubate B, Donnan PT, Dewar JA, Thompson AM, McCowan C. Cohort study of adherence to adjuvant endocrine therapy, breast cancer recurrence and mortality. Br J Cancer. 108(7):1515-24, 2013.
    60. Davies C, Pan H, Godwin J, et al. for the Adjuvant Tamoxifen: Longer Against Shorter (ATLAS) Collaborative Group. Long-term effects of continuing adjuvant tamoxifen to 10 years versus stopping at 5 years after diagnosis of oestrogen receptor-positive breast cancer: ATLAS, a randomised trial. Lancet. 381(9869):805-16, 2013.
    61. Vogel VG, Costantino JP, Wickerham DL, et al. for the National Surgical Adjuvant Breast and Bowel Project. Update of the National Surgical Adjuvant Breast and Bowel Project Study of Tamoxifen and Raloxifene (STAR) P-2 Trial: Preventing breast cancer. Cancer Prev Res. 3(6):696-706, 2010.
    62. National Cancer Institute. Hormone therapy for the breast. http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/factsheet/Therapy/hormone-therapy-breast, 2012.
    63. Ruddy KJ, Winer EP. Male breast cancer: risk factors, biology, diagnosis, treatment, and survivorship. Ann Oncol. 24(6):1434-43, 2013.
    64. Jakesz R, Jonat W, Gnant M, et al. on behalf of the Austrian Breast and Colorectal Cancer Study Group (ABCSG) and the German Adjuvant Breast Cancer Group (GABG). Switching of postmenopausal women with endocrine-responsive early breast cancer to anastrozole after 2 years’ adjuvant tamoxifen: combined results of ABCSG trial 8 and ARNO 95 trial. Lancet. 366(9484):455-62, 2005.
    65. Mouridsen H, Giobbie-Hurder A, Goldhirsch A, et al. for the BIG 1-98 Collaborative Group. Letrozole therapy alone or in sequence with tamoxifen in women with breast cancer. N Engl J Med. 361(8):766-76, 2009.
    66. Coombes RC, Kilburn LS, Snowdon CF, et al. for the Intergroup Exemestane Study (IES). Survival and safety of exemestane versus tamoxifen after 2-3 years' tamoxifen treatment (Intergroup Exemestane Study): a randomised controlled trial. Lancet. 369(9561):559-70, 2007.
    67. Cuzick J, Sestak I, Baum M, et al. for the ATAC/LATTE investigators. Effect of anastrozole and tamoxifen as adjuvant treatment for early-stage breast cancer: 10-year analysis of the ATAC trial. Lancet Oncol. 11(12):1135-41, 2010.
    68. Goss PE, Ingle JN, Alés-Martínez JE, et al. for the NCIC CTG MAP.3 Study Investigators. Exemestane for breast-cancer prevention in postmenopausal women. N Engl J Med. 364(25):2381-91, 2011.
    69. Cuzick J, Sestak I, Forbes JF, et al. on behalf of the IBIS-II investigators. Anastrozole for prevention of breast cancer in high-risk postmenopausal women (IBIS-II): an international, double-blind, randomised placebo-controlled trial. Lancet. 383(9922):1041-8, 2014.
    70. Amir E, Seruga B, Niraula S, Carlsson L, Ocaña A. Toxicity of adjuvant endocrine therapy in postmenopausal breast cancer patients: a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Natl Cancer Inst. 103(17):1299-309, 2011.
    71. Crew KD, Greenlee H, Capodice J, et al. Prevalence of joint symptoms in postmenopausal women taking aromatase inhibitors for early-stage breast cancer. J Clin Oncol. 25(25):3877-83, 2007.
    72. Dent SF, Gaspo R, Kissner M, Pritchard KI. Aromatase inhibitor therapy: toxicities and management strategies in the treatment of postmenopausal women with hormone-sensitive early breast cancer. Breast Cancer Res Treat. 126(2):295-310, 2011.
    73. Briot K, Tubiana-Hulin M, Bastit L, Kloos I, Roux C. Effect of a switch of aromatase inhibitors on musculoskeletal symptoms in postmenopausal women with hormone-receptor-positive breast cancer: the ATOLL (articular tolerance of letrozole) study. Breast Cancer Res Treat. 120(1):127-34, 2010.
    74. Stopeck AT, Lipton A, Body JJ, et al. Denosumab compared with zoledronic acid for the treatment of bone metastases in patients with advanced breast cancer: a randomized, double-blind study. J Clin Oncol. 28(35):5132-9, 2010.
    75. Hadji P, Body JJ, Aapro MS, et al. Practical guidance for the management of aromatase inhibitor-associated bone loss. Ann Oncol. 19(8):1407-16, 2008.
    76. Harris SR, Schmitz KH, Campbell KL, McNeely ML. Clinical practice guidelines for breast cancer rehabilitation: syntheses of guideline recommendations and qualitative appraisals. Cancer. 118(8 Suppl):2312-24, 2012.
    77. Sharma R, Hamilton A, Beith J. LHRH agonists for adjuvant therapy of early breast cancer in premenopausal women. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. (4):CD004562, 2008.
    78. Carey LA, Perou CM, Livasy CA, et al. Race, breast cancer subtypes, and survival in the Carolina Breast cancer Study. JAMA. 295(21):24922502, 2006.
    79. National Comprehensive Cancer Network. NCCN Guidelines for patients: Breast cancer. V.2.2011. http://www.nccn.org/patients/, 2011.
    80. Dahabreh IJ, Linardou H, Siannis F, Fountzilas G, Murray S. Trastuzumab in the adjuvant treatment of early-stage breast cancer: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Oncologist. 13(6):620-30, 2008.
    81. Gianni L, Dafni U, Gelber RD, et al. for the Herceptin Adjuvant (HERA) Trial Study Team. Treatment with trastuzumab for 1 year after adjuvant chemotherapy in patients with HER2-positive early breast cancer: a 4-year follow-up of a randomised controlled trial. Lancet Oncol. 12(3):236-244, 2011.
    82. Perez EA, Romond EH, Suman VJ, et al. Four-year follow-up of trastuzumab plus adjuvant chemotherapy for operable human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-positive breast cancer: joint analysis of data from NCCTG N9831 and NSABP B-31. J Clin Oncol. 29(25):3366-73, 2011.
    83. Slamon D, Eiermann W, Robert N, et al. for the Breast Cancer International Research Group. Adjuvant trastuzumab in HER2-positive breast cancer. N Engl J Med. 365(14):1273-83, 2011.
    84. Mieog JSD, van der Hage JA, van de Velde CJH. Neoadjuvant chemotherapy for operable breast cancer. Br J Surg. 94(10):1189-1200, 2007.
    85. Kaufmann M, Morrow M, von Minckwitz G, Harris JR (Biedenkopf Expert Panel Members). Locoregional treatment of primary breast cancer: consensus recommendations from an international expert panel. Cancer. 116(5):1184-91, 2010.
    86. Mamounas EP, Anderson SJ, Dignam JJ, et al. Predictors of locoregional recurrence after neoadjuvant chemotherapy: results from combined analysis of national surgical adjuvant breast and bowel project B-18 and B-27. J Clin Oncol. 30(32):3960-6, 2012.
    87. Ellis MJ, Suman VJ, Hoog J, et al. Randomized phase II neoadjuvant comparison between letrozole, anastrozole, and exemestane for postmenopausal women with estrogen receptor-rich stage 2 to 3 breast cancer: clinical and biomarker outcomes and predictive value of the baseline PAM50-based intrinsic subtype--ACOSOG Z1031. J Clin Oncol. 29(17):2342-9, 2011.
    88. U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). FDA approves Perjeta for neoadjuvant breast cancer treatment. http://www.fda.gov/NewsEvents/Newsroom/PressAnnouncements/ucm370393.htm, 2013.
    89. Baselga J, Bradbury I, Eidtmann H, et al. for the NeoALTTO Study Team. Lapatinib with trastuzumab for HER2-positive early breast cancer (NeoALTTO): a randomised, open-label, multicentre, phase 3 trial. Lancet. 379(9816):633-40, 2012.
    90. Bear HD, Tang G, Rastogi P, et al. Bevacizumab added to neoadjuvant chemotherapy for breast cancer. N Engl J Med. 366(4):310-20, 2012.
    91. Robidoux A, Tang G, Rastogi P, et al. Lapatinib as a component of neoadjuvant therapy for HER2-positive operable breast cancer (NSABP protocol B-41): an open-label, randomised phase 3 trial. Lancet Oncol. 14(12):1183-92, 2013.
    92. Classe JM, Bordes V, Campion L, et al. Sentinel lymph node biopsy after neoadjuvant chemotherapy for advanced breast cancer: results of Ganglion Sentinelle et Chimiotherapie Neoadjuvante, a French prospective multicentric study. J Clin Oncol. 27(5):726-32, 2009.
    93. Boughey JC, Suman VJ, Mittendorf EA, et al. for the Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology. Sentinel lymph node surgery after neoadjuvant chemotherapy in patients with node-positive breast cancer: the ACOSOG Z1071 (Alliance) clinical trial. JAMA. 310(14):1455-61, 2013.
    94. Hwang ES, Lichtensztajn DY, Gomez SL, Fowble B, Clarke CA. Survival after lumpectomy and mastectomy for early stage invasive breast cancer: the effect of age and hormone receptor status. Cancer. 119(7):1402-11, 2013.
    95. Carlson RW. Chapter 70: Surveillance of patients following primary therapy, in Harris JR, Lippman ME, Morrow M, Osborne CK. Diseases of the Breast, 4th edition. Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, 2010.
    96. Golshan M. Chapter 36: Mastectomy, in Harris JR, Lippman ME, Morrow M, Osborne CK. Diseases of the Breast, 4th edition. Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, 2010.
    97. Dawood S, Ueno NT, Valero V, et al. Differences in survival among women with stage III inflammatory and noninflammatory locally advanced breast cancer appear early: a large population-based study. Cancer. 117(9):1819-26, 2011.
    98. Merajver SD, Iniesta MD, Sabel MS. Chapter 62: Inflammatory Breast Cancer, in Harris JR, Lippman ME, Morrow M, Osborne CK. Diseases of the Breast, 4th edition, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2010.
    99. Harris EE, Schultz D, Bertsch H, et al. Ten-year outcome after combined modality therapy for inflammatory breast cancer. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 55(5):1200-8, 2003.
    100. Untch M, Möbus V, Kuhn W, et al. Intensive dose-dense compared with conventionally scheduled preoperative chemotherapy for high-risk primary breast cancer. J Clin Oncol. 27(18):2938-45, 2009.
    101. Yang R, Cheung MC, Hurley J, et al. A comprehensive evaluation of outcomes for inflammatory breast cancer. Breast Cancer Res Treat. 117(3):631-41, 2009.
    102. Tsai CJ, Li J, Gonzalez-Angulo AM, et al. Outcomes after multidisciplinary treatment of inflammatory breast cancer in the era of neoadjuvant HER2-directed therapy. Am J Clin Oncol. 2013 May 2 [Epub ahead of print].
    103. Patel SA and Topham NS. Chapter 39: Breast reconstruction, in Harris JR, Lippman ME, Morrow M, Osborne CK. Diseases of the Breast, 4th edition. Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, 2010.
    104. Olsen MA, Lefta M, Dietz JR, et al. Risk factors for surgical site infection after major breast operation. J Am Coll Surg. 207(3):326-35, 2008.
    105. Fischer JP, Nelson JA, Kovach SJ, Serletti JM, Wu LC, Kanchwala S. Impact of obesity on outcomes in breast reconstruction: analysis of 15,937 patients from the ACS-NSQIP datasets. J Am Coll Surg. 217(4):656-64, 2013.
    106. American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery and American Society of Plastic Surgeons. Breast reconstruction. http://www.smartbeautyguide.com/procedures/breast/breast-reconstruction, 2013.
    107. Christensen BO, Overgaard J, Kettner LO, Damsgaard TE. Long-term evaluation of postmastectomy breast reconstruction. Acta Oncol. 50(7):1053-61, 2011.
    108. Janowsky EC, Kupper LL, Hulka BS. Meta-analyses of the relation between silicone breast implants and the risk of connective-tissue diseases. N Engl J Med. 342(11):781-90, 2000.
    109. Center for Devices and Radiological Health, U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL) in women with breast implants: Preliminary FDA findings and analyses. http://www.fda.gov/MedicalDevices/ProductsandMedicalProcedures/ImplantsandProsthetics/BreastImplants/ucm239996.htm, 2011.
    110. Kim B, Roth C, Chung KC, et al. Anaplastic large cell lymphoma and breast implants: A systematic review. Plast Reconstr Surg..127(6):2141-50, 2011.
    111. Aladily TN, Medeiros LJ, Amin MB, et al. Anaplastic large cell lymphoma associated with breast implants: a report of 13 cases. Am J Surg Pathol. 36(7):1000-8, 2012.
    112. Clemens MW, Kronowitz SJ..Acellular dermal matrix in irradiated tissue expander/implant-based breast reconstruction: evidence-based review. Plast Reconstr Surg. 130(5 Suppl 2):27S-34S, 2012.
    113. U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Breast implants. http://www.fda.gov/MedicalDevices/ProductsandMedicalProcedures/ImplantsandProsthetics/BreastImplants/default.htm, 2013.
    114. Man LX, Selber JC, Serletti JM. Abdominal wall following free TRAM or DIEP flap reconstruction: a meta-analysis and critical review. Plast Reconstr Surg. 124(3):752-64, 2009.
    115. Selber JC, Samra F, Bristol M, et al. A head-to-head comparison between the muscle-sparing free TRAM and the SIEA Flaps: is the rate of flap loss worth the gain in abdominal wall function? Plast Reconstr Surg. 122(2):348-55, 2008.
    116. LoTempio MM, Allen RJ. Breast reconstruction with SGAP and IGAP flaps. Plast Reconstr Surg. 126(2):393-401, 2010.
    117. Mirzabeigi MN, Au A, Jandali S, Natoli N, Sbitany H, Serletti JM. Trials and tribulations with the inferior gluteal artery perforator flap in autologous breast reconstruction. Plast Reconstr Surg. 128(6):614e-24e, 2011.
    118. Lanitis S, Tekkis PP, Sgourakis G, Dimopoulos N, Al Mufti R, Hadjiminas DJ. Comparison of skin-sparing mastectomy versus non-skin-sparing mastectomy for breast cancer: a meta-analysis of observational studies. Ann Surg. 251(4):632-9, 2010.
    119. Yi M, Kronowitz SJ, Meric-Bernstam F, et al. Local, regional, and systemic recurrence rates in patients undergoing skin-sparing mastectomy compared with conventional mastectomy. Cancer. 117(5):916-24, 2011.
    120. Romics L Jr, Chew BK, Weiler-Mithoff E, et al. Ten-year follow-up of skin-sparing mastectomy followed by immediate breast reconstruction. Br J Surg. 99(6):799-806, 2012.
    121. National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN). NCCN Clinical practice guidelines in oncology: Breast Cancer Risk Reduction V.1.2013. http://www.nccn.org/, 2013.
    122. Endara M, Chen D, Verma K, Nahabedian MY, Spear SL. Breast reconstruction following nipple-sparing mastectomy: a systematic review of the literature with pooled analysis. Plast Reconstr Surg. 132(5):1043-54, 2013.
    123. American Cancer Society. Breast reconstruction after mastectomy. http://www.cancer.org/Cancer/BreastCancer/MoreInformation/BreastReconstructionAfterMastectomy/breast-reconstruction-after-mastectomy-after-surgery, 2013.
    124. U.S. Department of Labor. Fact sheet: Women’s Health and Cancer Rights Act. http://www.dol.gov/ebsa/newsroom/fswhcra.html, 2013.
    125. Schnipper LE, Smith TJ, Raghavan D, et al. American society of clinical oncology identifies five key opportunities to improve care and reduce costs: the top five list for oncology. J Clin Oncol. 30(14):1715-24, 2012.
    126. National Cancer Institute. General information about breast cancer and pregnancy. http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/pdq/treatment/breast-cancer-and-pregnancy/Patient, 2013.
    127. Litton JK and Theriault RL. Chapter 68: Breast cancer during pregnancy and subsequent pregnancy in breast cancer survivors, in Harris JR, Lippman ME, Morrow M, Osborne CK. Diseases of the Breast, 4th edition. Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, 2010.
    128. Loibl S, Han SN, von Minckwitz G, et al. Treatment of breast cancer during pregnancy: an observational study. Lancet Oncol. 13(9):887-96, 2012.
    129. Amant F, von Minckwitz G, Han SN, et al. Prognosis of women with primary breast cancer diagnosed during pregnancy: results from an international collaborative study. J Clin Oncol. 31(20):2532-9, 2013.
    130. Partridge AH, Goldhirsch A, Gelber S, Gelber RD. Chapter 92: Breast Cancer in Younger Women, in Harris JR, Lippman ME, Morrow M, Osborne CK. Diseases of the Breast, 4th edition, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2010.
    131. Partridge A, Gelber S, Gelber RD, Castiglione-Gertsch M, Goldhirsch A, Winer E. Age of menopause among women who remain premenopausal following treatment for early breast cancer: long-term results from International Breast Cancer Study Group Trials V and VI. Eur J Cancer. 43(11):1646-53, 2007.
    132. Jeruss JS, Woodruff TK. Preservation of fertility in patients with cancer. N Engl J Med. 360(9):902-11, 2009.
    133. National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN). NCCN Clinical practice guidelines in oncology: Adolescent and young adult oncology. V.1.2014. http://www.nccn.org/, 2014.
    134. Lucia Del Mastro, Luca Boni, Andrea Michelotti, et al. Effect of the gonadotropin-releasing hormone analogue triptorelin on the occurrence of chemotherapy-induced early menopause in premenopausal women with breast cancer: a randomized trial. JAMA. 306(3):269-276, 2011.
    135. American Cancer Society. Cancer Facts and Figures 2014. Atlanta, GA: American Cancer Society, 2014.
    136. American Cancer Society. Breast cancer in men. http://www.cancer.org/Cancer/BreastCancerinMen/DetailedGuide/breast-cancer-in-men-key-statistics, 2013.
    137. Anderson WF, Jatoi I, Tse J, Rosenberg PS. Male breast cancer: a population-based comparison with female breast cancer. J Clin Oncol. 28(2):232-9, 2010.
    138. Howlader N, Noone AM, Krapcho M, et al., editors. SEER Cancer Statistics Review, 1975-2010: Fast Stats. Bethesda, MD: National Cancer Institute. http://seer.cancer.gov/faststats/, 2014.
    139. National Cancer Institute. Male breast cancer treatment. http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/pdq/treatment/malebreast/Patient, 2013.
    140. American Society of Clinical Oncology. Breast cancer – male. http://www.cancer.net/, 2010.
    141. Xu S, Yang Y, Tao W, et al. Tamoxifen adherence and its relationship to mortality in 116 men with breast cancer. Breast Cancer Res Treat. 136(2):495-502, 2012.
    142. Osterberg L, Blaschke T. Adherence to medication. N Engl J Med. 353(5):487-97, 2005.
    143. American Cancer Society. Making treatment decisions: Clinical trials-what you need to know. http://www.cancer.org/Treatment/TreatmentsandSideEffects/ClinicalTrials/WhatYouNeedtoKnowaboutClinicalTrials/clinical-trials-what-you-need-to-know-questions-to-ask-about-clin-trials, 2012.
    144. National Cancer Institute. Participating in a Trial: Questions to ask your doctor. http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/cancerlibrary/questions/clinical-trials, 2013.
    145. Cherny NI. Chapter 84: Brachial plexopathy in patients with breast cancer, in Harris JR LM, Morrow M, Osborne CK. Diseases of the Breast, Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, 2010.
    146. Vilholm OJ, Cold S, Rasmussen L, Sindrup SH. The postmastectomy pain syndrome: an epidemiological study on the prevalence of chronic pain after surgery for breast cancer. Br J Cancer. 99:604-610, 2008.
    147. Schmitz KH, Speck RM, Rye SA, DiSipio T, Hayes SC. Prevalence of breast cancer treatment sequelae over 6 years of follow-up: the Pulling Through Study. Cancer. 118(8 Suppl):2217-25, 2012.
    148. Kraus-Tiefenbacher U, Sfintizky A, Welzel G, et al. Factors of influence on acute skin toxicity of breast cancer patients treated with standard external beam radiotherapy (EBRT) after breast conserving surgery (BCS). Radiat Oncol. 7(1):217, 2012.
    149. American Cancer Society. Pain control. http://www.cancer.org/Treatment/TreatmentsandSideEffects/PhysicalSideEffects/Pain/PainDiary/index, 2013.
    150. National Cancer Institute. Pain control: Support for people with cancer. http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/coping/paincontrol, 2012.
    151. National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN). NCCN Clinical practice guidelines in oncology: Adult cancer pain V.2.2013. http://www.nccn.org/, 2012.
    152. Reich M, Lesur A, Perdrizet-Chevallier C. Depression, quality of life and breast cancer: a review of the literature. Breast Cancer Res Treat. 110(1):9-17, 2008.
    153. Schreiber JA, Brockopp DY. Twenty-five years later--what do we know about religion/spirituality and psychological well-being among breast cancer survivors? A systematic review. J Cancer Surviv. 6(1):82-94, 2012.
    154. Reich M, Lesur A, Perdrizet-Chevallier C. Depression, quality of life and breast cancer: a review of the literature. Breast Cancer Res Treat. 110(1):9-17, 2008.
    155. Lu W, Cui Y, Chen X, et al. Changes in quality of life among breast cancer patients three years post-diagnosis. Breast Cancer Res Treat. 114(2):357-69, 2009. 
    156. Pagani O, Regan MM, Walley BA, et al. for the TEXT and SOFT Investigators and the International Breast Cancer Study Group. Adjuvant exemestane with ovarian suppression in premenopausal breast cancer. N Engl J Med. 371(2):107-18, 2014.
    157. Francis PA, Regan MM, Fleming GF, et al. for the SOFT Investigators and the International Breast Cancer Study Group. Adjuvant ovarian suppression in premenopausal breast cancer. N Engl J Med. 2014 Dec 11. [Epub ahead of print].  
    158. American Cancer Society. Cancer Facts & Figures 2015. Atlanta, GA: American Cancer Society, 2015.
    159. Moore HC, Unger JM, Phillips KA, et al. for the POEMS/S0230 Investigators. Goserelin for ovarian protection during breast-cancer adjuvant chemotherapy. N Engl J Med. 372(10):923-932, 2015.

    Updated 03/18/15


    Treatment Home 



Tools & Resources


Related Video



1-877 GO KOMEN