• The Who, What, Where, When and Sometimes, Why.
  • Table 3: Alcohol and breast cancer risk

  •  
  • † In the U.S., there is an average of 13 grams (g) of alcohol in a bottle or can of beer, 11 g in a glass of wine and 15 g in a shot of whiskey. Relative risk categories are based on the amount of alcohol in a glass of wine.
  •  
  • ‡ Categorized as 15 or more drinks per week.
  •  
  • § Average alcohol intake over follow-up time.
  •  
  • ║ The number of drinks per day was estimated from the number of grams of alcohol given in the study.
  •  
  • ¶ Results showed that 2 to 4 drinks of alcohol per day increased breast cancer risk among white, African American, Japanese American and Latina women, but not among Native Hawaiian women.
  •  
  • ** Estimated from study dates.
  •  
  • †† Results also showed that increasing alcohol use by 10 grams (about one drink) per day increased the overall risk of breast cancer as well as the risk of ER+/PR+ tumors (relative risk 1.07 (1.01-1.14) and 1.11 (1.03-1.20), respectively).
  •  
  • ‡‡ Results also showed that compared to non-drinkers, women who drank 10 or more grams of alcohol per day had an increased risk of ER+ breast cancers.
  •  
  • §§ Categorized as 1 or fewer drinks per day.
  •  
  • ¶¶ Categorized as 3 drinks per day.
  •  
  • References

    1. Key J, Hodgson S, Omar RZ, et al. Meta-analysis of studies of alcohol and breast cancer with consideration of the methodological issues. Cancer Causes Control. 17(6):759-70, 2006.
    2. Allen NE, Beral V, Casabonne D, et al. for the Million Women Study Collaborators. Moderate alcohol intake and cancer incidence in women. J Natl Cancer Inst. 101(5):296-305, 2009.
    3. Chen WY, Rosner B, Hankinson SE, Colditz GA, Willett WC. Moderate alcohol consumption during adult life, drinking patterns, and breast cancer risk. JAMA. 306(17):1884-90, 2011.
    4. Lew JQ, Freedman ND, Leitzmann MF, et al. Alcohol and risk of breast cancer by histologic type and hormone receptor status in postmenopausal women: the NIH-AARP Diet and Health Study. Am J Epidemiol. 170(3):308-17, 2009.
    5. Tjønneland A, Christensen J, Olsen A, et al. Alcohol intake and breast cancer risk: the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC). Cancer Causes Control. 18(4):361-73, 2007.
    6. Park SY, Kolonel LN, Lim U, White KK, Henderson BE, Wilkens LR. Alcohol consumption and breast cancer risk among women from five ethnic groups with light to moderate intakes: the Multiethnic Cohort Study. Int J Cancer. 134(6):1504-10, 2014.
    7. Li Y, Baer D, Friedman GD, Udaltsova N, Shim V, Klatsky AL. Wine, liquor, beer and risk of breast cancer in a large population. Eur J Cancer. 45(5):843-50, 2009.
    8. Li CI, Chlebowski RT, Freiberg M, et al. Alcohol consumption and risk of postmenopausal breast cancer by subtype: the women's health initiative observational study. J Natl Cancer Inst. 102(18):1422-31, 2010.
    9. Sellers TA, Vierkant RA, Cerhan JR, Gapstur SM, Vachon CM, Olson JE, Pankratz VS, Kushi LH, Folsom AR. Interaction of dietary folate intake, alcohol, and risk of hormone receptor-defined breast cancer in a prospective study of postmenopausal women. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 11(10 Pt 1):1104-7, 2002.
    10. Chen WY, Colditz GA, Rosner B, Hankinson SE, Hunter DJ, Manson JE, Stampfer MJ, Willett WC, Speizer FE. Use of postmenopausal hormones, alcohol, and risk for invasive breast cancer. Ann Intern Med. 137(10):798-804, 2002.
    11. Horn-Ross PL, Canchola AJ, West DW, Stewart SL, Bernstein L, Deapen D, Pinder R, Ross RK, Anton-Culver H, Peel D, Ziogas A, Reynolds P, Wright W. Patterns of alcohol consumption and breast cancer risk in the California Teachers Study cohort. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 13(3):405-11, 2004.
    12. Zhang SM, Lee IM, Manson JE, et al. Alcohol consumption and breast cancer risk in the Women's Health Study. Am J Epidemiol. 165(6):667-76, 2007.
    13. Feigelson HS, Jonas CR, Robertson AS, McCullough ML, Thun MJ, Calle EE. Alcohol, folate, methionine, and risk of incidental breast cancer in the American Cancer Society Cancer Prevention Study II Nutrition Study. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 12(2):161-4, 2003.
    14. Suzuki R, Weimin Y, Rylander-Rudqvist T, et al. Alcohol and postmenopausal breast cancer risk defined by estrogen and progesterone receptor status: a prospective cohort study. J Natl Cancer Inst. 97(21):1601-8, 2005.
    15. Bagnardi V, Rota M, Botteri E, et al. Light alcohol drinking and cancer: a meta-analysis. Ann Oncol. 24(2):301-8, 2013.
    16. Collaborative Group on Hormonal Factors in Breast Cancer. Alcohol, tobacco and breast cancer—collaborative reanalysis of individual data from 53 epidemiological studies, including 58,515 women with breast cancer and 95,067 women without the disease. Br J Cancer. 87(11):1234-45, 2002.
    17. Longnecker MP. Alcoholic beverage consumption in relation to risk of breast cancer: meta-analysis and review. Cancer Causes Control. 5(1):73-82, 1994.
    18. Smith-Warner SA, Spiegelman D, Yaun SS, et al. Alcohol and breast cancer in women: a pooled analysis of cohort studies. JAMA. 279(7):535-540. 1998.
Updated 11/19/14
Share
  • EVERYTHING YOU DO MAKES A DIFFERENCE

    Discover the different ways you can help