Psychotherapy is an interactive process between a person and a qualified mental health professional. The purpose of psychotherapy is to explore a person’s thoughts, feelings, and behaviors to help solve problems or improve general functioning.
People trained in psychotherapy include psychiatrists, psychologists, clinical social workers, marriage and family counselors, and some pastoral counselors. Unlike other psychotherapists, psychiatrists can prescribe medications. Some other types of psychotherapists have advanced degrees, and many must be licensed by the state in which they practice. Psychotherapists might have training in a specific type of psychotherapy or multiple types. They might also specialize in working with a certain age group (children, adults, elderly) or with people with a certain type of problem, such as mental illness, domestic violence or abuse, or substance abuse.
People use psychotherapy for alcoholism, the inability to describe ones emotions (alexithymia), Alzheimer’s disease, amnesia, anorexia, antisocial personality disorder, anxiety, autism, asthma, attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), itchy and red skin (eczema), autism, bipolar disorder, body dysmorphic disorder, borderline personality disorder, bulimia, cancer, a lung condition called chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, to improve mental performance, to treat mental problems, a pain disorder called complex regional pain syndrome, neurological problems caused by distress (conversion disorder), heart disease, Crohn’s disease, delirium, dementia, depersonalization disorder, depression, diabetes, an attachment disorder characterized by overly familiar behavior with strangers, multiple personality disorder, stomach ulcers, painful menstruation, indigestion, uncontrolled soiling of underwear, episodic control disorder, erectile dysfunction, exhibitionism, pretending to have a mental disorder, fear, fetishism, gambling, generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), HIV/AIDS, high blood pressure, hysteria, being obsessed with being ill without a diagnoses of any medical condition, impulse control disorder, infertility, insomnia and other sleep problems, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), stealing, learning problems, faking illness to get out of responsibilities, mania, narcissistic personality disorder, extreme sleepiness during the day (narcolepsy), obsession, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), pain, panic disorder, paranoia, paranoid personality disorder, sexual deviation, pedophilia, irrational fear of normal objects or situations, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), premature ejaculation, itchy and scaly skin (psoriasis), mental well-being, mental disorders cause by emotional or psychological distress (psychosomatic disorder), an attachment disorder characterized by reduced ability to bond with people, relationship problems, rheumatoid arthritis, schizophrenia, seasonal affective disorder (SAD), sexual dysfunction, quitting smoking, a disorder in which mental stress presents physical symptoms (somatization disorder), stress, coping with change(stress response syndrome), mood disorder caused by drugs or alcohol, psychotic disorder caused by drugs or alcohol, systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), tantrums, Tourette’s syndrome, trauma, urge to pull out one’s hair, urogenitary disorders, weight loss.
Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database rates effectiveness based on scientific evidence according to the following scale: Effective, Likely Effective, Possibly Effective, Possibly Ineffective, Likely Ineffective, Ineffective, and Insufficient Evidence to Rate.
The effectiveness ratings for PSYCHOTHERAPY are as follows:
More evidence is needed to rate psychotherapy for these uses.
There are four major approaches to psychotherapy: psychoanalytic, behavioral, humanistic (focuses on issues taken from the experience of existence), and transpersonal (focuses on the spiritual dimensions of life). These four main approaches are blended in many different varieties of psychotherapy.
Psychotherapy explores thoughts, feelings, and behavior for the purpose of solving a problem or helping someone function better in their life.
Psychotherapy is LIKELY SAFE when used under the supervision of a trained professional. But for some people, psychotherapy might not be enough to resolve mental or emotional issues when used alone. In these cases, medications might be needed.
Pregnancy and breast-feeding: Not enough is known about the use of psychothearpy during pregnancy and breast-feeding. However, there’s no reason to suspect safety concerns when used correctly.
It is not known if this treatment interacts with any medicines.
Before using this treatment, talk with your health professional if you take any medications.
There are no known interactions with herbs and supplements.
There are no known interactions with foods.
The appropriate or safe use of psychotherapy depends on several factors such as the condition being treated or the person administering the treatment. Be sure to seek and follow relevant directions from your physician or other healthcare professional before using this treatment.
Acceptance and Commitment Therapy, Art Therapy, Behavior Therapy, Behavioral Medicine, Biofeedback, Body Psychotherapy, Brief Therapy, CBT, Client-Centered Therapy, Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy, Cognitive Bibliotherapy, Cognitive Restructuring, Cognitive Therapy, Common Factors Therapy, Compliance Therapy, Counseling, CT, DBT, Dialectical Behavior Therapy, Existential Psychotherapy, Family Therapy, Forensic Psychotherapy, Gestalt Therapy, Group Therapy, Guided Imagery, Humanistic Psychotherapy, Hypnosis, Hypnotherapy, Internet-Based Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy, Interpersonal Psychotherapy, Jacobson's Progressive Relaxation Therapy, Jungian Analysis, Jungian Therapy, Marital Therapy, Mind/Body Medicine, MST, Multi-Systemic Therapy, Music Therapy, Narrative Therapy, Nondirective Psychotherapy, Personal Therapy, Play Therapy, Projective Identification, Psychoanalysis, Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy, Psychodrama, Psychodramatic Psychotherapy, Psychodynamic Psychotherapy, Psychoeducation, Psychosynthesis, Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy, Rational Emotive Therapy, Relaxation Therapy, Sand Tray Therapy, Schema-Focused Therapy, Schultz' Autogenic Training, Sex Therapy, Solution-Focused Therapy, Somatic Psychotherapy, Spirituality-Focused Psychotherapy, Supportive-Expressive Group Therapy, Supportive Psychotherapy, Talk Therapy, Talking Cure, Telephone-Administered Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy, Transcendental Meditation, Transference-Focused Psychotherapy, Unconscious Psychotherapy, Visualization.
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