Music therapy is the use of music to treat a condition, reduce symptoms, or prevent the onset of a disease or injury. Music is practiced throughout all human cultures around the globe. It has been used to influence physical, emotional, mental, and social well-being to improve quality of life. Music therapy can involve either performing or listening to music, with or without a therapist.
Music therapists are trained to design personalized applications of music for each patient. Music therapists can work in a variety of healthcare settings, including hospitals, schools, or private practices.
Different types of music therapy include background music therapy, contemplative music therapy, combined music therapy, executive music therapy, executive iatromusic, and creative music therapy.
People use music therapy for attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), anxiety, autism, cancer, heart disease, chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting, memory loss, depression, mental well-being, infant development, pain, multiple sclerosis, osteoarthritis, Parkinson's disease, recovery after surgery, quality of life, schizophrenia, insomnia, cystic fibrosis, mental performance, nausea, vomiting, sedation, and ringing in the ears.
People also use music therapy for addiction, aggression, alcoholism, antisocial behavior, asthma, bipolar disorder, childbirth, a lung condition called chronic pulmonary obstructive disease (COPD), diabetes, shortness of breath, anorexia, bulimia, seizures, headaches, sound hallucinations, high blood pressure, migraine, motion sickness, muscle cramps, itchy skin (neurodermatitis), recovery after surgery, prevention of pregnancy complications, scaly and itchy skin (psoriasis), spinal cord injury, muscle strength, and stroke.
Natural Medicines rates effectiveness based on scientific evidence according to the following scale: Effective, Likely Effective, Possibly Effective, Possibly Ineffective, Likely Ineffective, Ineffective, and Insufficient Evidence to Rate.
The effectiveness ratings for MUSIC THERAPY are as follows:
More evidence is needed to rate the effectiveness of music therapy for these uses.
Music therapy can involve several different approaches, including receptive, improvisation, recreative, and compositional techniques.
Receptive methods involve listing to and responding to live or recorded music. Talking about the music is thought to help people express themselves in socially accepted ways and to examine personal issues.
Improvisation involves randomly creating music with the voice, instruments, or body sounds. People who support this method believe that it allows for creative expression, releases energy, redirects negative emotions, and develops personal feelings.
Recreative experiences involve singing and/or playing music that has already been composed. This technique might improve self-confidence.
Compositional methods involve creating music with the voice or instruments. Creating music can be used as a form of self-expression.
Different types of music have different effects. For example, classical music can be comforting and allow for relaxation. Rock music might cause stress in some people. Both stimulating and calming music have been used to reduce pain. But it’s not clear how these types of music reduce pain.
Music therapy is LIKELY SAFE when used appropriately and when music therapy does not take the place of proven treatments. Music therapy has been used without any reports of side effects.
Pregnancy and breast-feeding: Not enough is known about the use of music therapy during pregnancy and breast-feeding. However, there’s no reason to suspect safety concerns when used correctly.
It is not known if this treatment interacts with any medicines.
Before using this treatment, talk with your health professional if you take any medications.
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