High socioeconomic status (SES) is most often defined by high income and/or high education level.
High SES has been linked to an increased risk of breast cancer [238-245].
This increased risk is not due to the higher SES (higher income and/or higher education level) itself, but rather to differences in risk factors found in women of different education and income levels [238-245].
For example, compared to women of lower SES, women of higher SES are more likely to:
Each of these factors increases the risk of breast cancer [238-245].