Breast Cancer 101 (Interactive Multimedia) - Chemotherapy Macromedia Flash
A chemotherapy schedule depends on the drugs and combinations of drugs used in your treatment plan. Chemotherapy is often given in cycles, with days or weeks off between treatments. This cycling gives your body a chance to recover between treatments. A full course of chemotherapy usually lasts three to six months.
Chemotherapy drugs can be taken in pill form or injected intravenously (into a vein with an IV). Often, a combination of two or three chemotherapy drugs is used.
Most modern chemotherapy regimens for breast cancer involve IV drugs, given in an outpatient setting at a hospital or clinic. At each visit, an IV is inserted into the arm, allowing the drugs to drip into the bloodstream.
Some people have a surgical procedure to insert a small device called a port-a-cath under the skin of the chest. Chemotherapy drugs can be given through the port-a-cath, which remains in place for the three to six months of treatment. A port-a-cath is helpful if it is difficult to put in an IV at each visit. The picture below shows a person getting chemotherapy through a port-a-cath.
Source: National Cancer Institute (www.cancer.gov)
Each chemotherapy visit lasts from one to six hours, including time with your medical and nursing teams.
At each visit, your blood counts will be checked and you may be given anti-nausea medications and other treatments to make the chemotherapy easier to tolerate. You can bring a friend or family member with you during the visit. You may also choose to read, listen to music or watch television.
Before you begin chemotherapy, talk to your health care provider about possible side effects and whether you need to have someone drive you home after each visit.
If you do not live near the treatment center, it can be hard to get to and from chemotherapy sessions. Sometimes, there are programs that offer help with local or long-distance transportation and lodging. Learn more about these programs.
Komen Support Resources
Side Effects of Chemotherapy
Short-Term Side Effects of Chemotherapy
Long-Term Side Effects of Chemotherapy
Emerging Areas in Chemotherapy, Hormone Therapy and Targeted Therapy
Questions for Your Provider - Chemotherapy